Randiddle co. is a merchandising business. their account balances as

Foundations of Accounting I

Accounting Project


Written by:  Karen Pitsch

Special thanks to Donna Larner



Randiddle Co. is a merchandising business.  Their account balances as of November 30, 2012 (unless otherwise indicated), are as follows:


            110     Cash                                                                          $  74,370

            112     Accounts Receivable                                                    6,178

            113     Allowance for Doubtful Accounts                                  650

            115     Merchandise Inventory                                                 2,346

            116     Prepaid Insurance                                                         5,750

            117     Store Supplies                                                                2,850

            123     Store Equipment                                                        100,800

            124     Accumulated Depreciation-Store Equipment         31,060

            210     Accounts Payable                                                         3,286

            211     Salaries Payable                                                                   0

            218     Interest Payable                                                                     0

            220     Note Payable (Due 2017)                                           30,000

                                    ($6,000 to be paid in 2013)

            310     Randiddle, Capital (January 1, 2012)                      46,288

            311     Randiddle, Withdrawals                                            60,000

            312     Income Summary                                                                   0

            410     Sales                                                                            296,130

            411     Sales Returns and Allowances                                10,020

            412     Sales Discounts                                                             7,200

            510     Cost of Goods Sold                                                     30,250

            520     Sales Salaries Expense                                             34,400

            521     Advertising Expense                                                   18,000

            522     Depreciation Expense                                                          0

            523     Store Supplies Expense                                                      0

            529     Miscellaneous Selling Expense                                 2,800

            530     Office Salaries Expense                                             25,500

            531     Rent Expense                                                              24,200

            532     Insurance Expense                                                              0

            533     Bad Debt Expense                                                               0

            539     Miscellaneous Administrative Expense                    1,650

            550     Interest Expense                                                            1,100



Randiddle Co. uses the perpetual inventory system and the Last-in, First-out costing method.  Transportation-in and purchase discounts should be added to the Inventory Control Sheet, but since this will complicate the computation of the Last-in, First-out costing method, please ignore this step in the process.  They also use the Allowance Method for bad debt.


The Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Subsidiary Ledgers along with the Inventory Control Sheet should be updated as each transaction affects them (daily).



Randiddle Co. sells three types of microwave ovens.


The sale prices of each are:


  900 watt microwave:  $199

1000 watt microwave:  $299

1200 watt microwave:  $499



During December, the last month of the accounting year, the following transactions were completed:


Dec.    1.   Issued check number 2632 for the December rent, $2,200.

 2.   Sold two 1200 watt microwaves for cash.

4.   Purchased four 1000 watt microwaves on account from Matt Co., terms 2/10,

      n/30, FOB shipping point, $596.

5.   Issued check number 2633 to pay the transportation charges on purchase of

December 4, $89.  (NOTE:  Debit Merchandise Inventory. Do not include shipping and purchase discounts to the Inventory Control sheet for this project.)

6.    Sold six 1000 watt microwaves and four 1200 watt microwaves on account to Briana Co., invoice 891, terms 2/10, n/30, FOB shipping point.

 8.  Issued check number 2634 for refund of cash on sales made for cash, $150.

      (Customer was going to return goods until an allowance was arranged.)

10.  Purchased store supplies on account from Prince Co., terms n/30, $310.

10.  Issued check to Matt Co. number 2635 for the full amount due, less discount

       allowed. (Round discount to nearest dollar.)

11.  Paid Prince Co. full amount due, check number 2636.

12.  Issued credit memo for one 1000 watt microwave returned on sale of

December 6. (NOTE: Assume the returned microwave was from the 11/30 inventory)

13.  Issued check number 2637 for advertising expense for last half of December, $3,000.

14.  Received cash from Briana Co. for the full amount due (less return of December 12 and discount; round to nearest dollar).

19.  Issued check number 2638 to buy five 900 watt microwaves, $495.

19.  Issued check number 2639 for $596 to Joseph Co. on account.

20.   Sold seven 900 watt microwaves on account to Cameron Co., invoice number 892, terms 1/10, n/30, FOB shipping point. 

20.  To expedite sale on Dec. 20, issued check number 2640 for shipping charges on sale to Cameron on December 20, $120 (NOTE: Cameron Co. will be reimbursing us for this shipping cost).

21.  Received $1,396 cash from McKenzie Co. on account, no discount.

21.  Purchased three 1200 watt microwaves on account from Elisha Co., terms 1/10, n/30, FOB shipping point, $747, shipping $78 (NOTE: Debit Merchandise Inventory $825, but only put $747 in the Inventory Control Sheet).

24.  Received notification that Marie Co. has been granted bankruptcy with no

 amount of recovery.  We are to write-off her amount due.  (Note: See page

 365 for entry required.)

26.  Issued a debit memo for return of$249 because of damage to one 1200 watt

       microwave purchased on December 21, receiving credit from the seller.

27.  Issued check number 2641 for sales salaries of $2,050 and office

       salaries of $1,400.

28.  Purchased store equipment on account from Joseph Co., terms n/30, FOB

       destination, $1,200.

29.  Issued check number 2642 for store supplies, $70.

29.  Purchased seven 1000 watt microwave from Prince Co, terms 1/10, n/30,

       FOB shipping point, for $1,113 on account, shipping $107.

30.  Sold eight 1000 watt microwaves on account to Briana Co., invoice number

       893, terms 2/10, n/30, FOB shipping point.

30. Received cash from sale of December 20, less discount, plus transportation

       paid on December 20.  (Round calculations to the nearest dollar.)

31.  Issued check number 2643 for purchase of December 21, less return

 of December 26 and discount.  (Round discount to the nearest dollar.)

31.  Issued a debit memo for $200 of the purchase returned from

       December 28.





1.    Enter the balances of each of the accounts in the appropriate balance column of the General Ledger (B-S and I-S Ledger).  Write Balance in the item section, and place a (x) in the Post Reference column.

2.    Journalize the transactions in a sales journal, purchases journal, cash receipts journal, cash payments journal, or general journal as illustrated in chapter 7.  Also post to the Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Subsidiary ledgers and Inventory Control Sheet as needed.

3.    Total each column on the special journals and prove the journals.

4.    Post the totals of the account named columns and individually post the “Other Accounts” columns as well to the General Ledger.

5.    Prepare the Schedule of Accounts Receivable and the Schedule of Accounts Payable (their total amount must equal the amount in their controlling general ledger account).

6.     Prepare the unadjusted trial balance on the worksheet.

7.    Complete the worksheet for the year ended December 31, 2012, using the following adjustment data:

a.    Merchandise inventory on December 31                                 $1,090

b.    Insurance expired during the year                                              2,250

c.    Store supplies on hand on December 31                                     850

d.    Depreciation for the current year needs to be calculated.  The business uses

                  the Straight-line method, the store equipment has a useful life of 10 years

                  with no salvage value.  (NOTE: the purchase and return will not be included

                  as the dates of the transactions were after the 15th of the month).

e.    Accrued salaries on December 31:

                              Sales salaries                                         $1,075

                              Office salaries                                             540       $1,615

f.   The note payable terms are at 8%, payment is not being made until Jan. 3, 2013.  Interest must be recognized for one month.

g.  Calculate the Bad Debt adjustment amount; net realizable value of Accounts Receivable is determined to be $6,313.


8.  Prepare a multiple-step income statement, a statement of owner’s equity, and a

classified balance sheet in good form. (Recommend review of “Current Liabilities” on page 149.)

9.  Journalize and post the adjusting entries.

10.   Journalize and post the closing entries.  Indicate closed accounts by inserting a zero

in both balance columns opposite the closing entry.

11.   Prepare a post-closing trial balance.








Check Figures for Accounting Project:


Cash Receipts Journal; Cash Column: 7,314


Unadjusted Trial Balance Total:  415,118


Net Income:  119,449


Post Closing Trial Balance:  181,970



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