Psy/490 week 4 quiz | Psychology homework help

1) John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of



A. [removed] aversive conditioning


B. [removed] positive reinforcement


C. [removed] extinction


D. [removed] negative reinforcement


2) Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as



A. [removed] Dualists


B. [removed] Rationalists


C. [removed] Nativists


D. [removed] Empiricists


3) The two branches of statistical methods are



A. [removed] quadratic; quantitative


B. [removed] informal; formal


C. [removed] quantitative; qualitative


D. [removed] consumer; quantum


4) In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to



A. [removed] arms and legs


B. [removed] the face


C. [removed] the tongue


D. [removed] the hands


5) What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?



A. [removed] Abraham Maslow


B. [removed] Carl Jung


C. [removed] B.F. Skinner


D. [removed] Sigmund Freud


6) Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?



A. [removed] Relationships


B. [removed] Midlife Crisis


C. [removed] Leisure-time activities


D. [removed] Civic responsibility


7) In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?



A. [removed] Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.


B. [removed] Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct.


C. [removed] Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.


D. [removed] Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated.


8) The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; to develop a conscience; and to experience a sexual identity. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.



A. [removed] Infant


B. [removed] Preschooler


C. [removed] School-age child


D. [removed] Toddler


9) Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?



A. [removed] Carl Rogers


B. [removed] Albert Bandura


C. [removed] Rollo May


D. [removed] B.F. Skinner


10) Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?



A. [removed] Delusional


B. [removed] Organized


C. [removed] Complex


D. [removed] Catatonic


11) The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are



A. [removed] Sherlin and Billingsly


B. [removed] Freud and Jung


C. [removed] Hebb and Skinner


D. [removed] Munsterberg and Scott


12) Culture-bound syndromes refer to



A. [removed] medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world


B. [removed] medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas


C. [removed] cultural names for common conditions found around the world


D. [removed] medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors


13) Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between



A. [removed] physical environment and human behavior


B. [removed] emotional motivations and human behavior


C. [removed] family dynamic and work behavior


D. [removed] biological causes of physiological disregard


14) Validity in testing refers to which of the following?



A. [removed] Test scores are stable


B. [removed] Different forms of the test can be used


C. [removed] The test is measuring what it set to measure


D. [removed] Whether the test is available in different languages


15) Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being



A. [removed] Psychoanalytic


B. [removed] Behavioral


C. [removed] Cognitive


D. [removed] Eclectic

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