Case study 6 health promotion

 Read the following case study and answer the reflective questions.

 Please provide rationales for your answers, at least 150 words each answers.

Make sure to provide citations/references for your answers, at least 3 references ,less than  5 years

in APA format.

 Deadline: Due by Thursday June 10/2021


Albert Albert Mitchell is a 36-year-old man who will be traveling to Dubai to give a business presentation in 3 months. Although he has traveled widely in the United States as a consultant, this is his first trip to the Middle East. He requests information regarding immunizations needed before his trip. Albert states that as he will be in Dubai for only a few days, he is unlikely to contract a disease in such a short time and therefore believes that it is illogical to obtain immunizations. Albert states that he has heard that the side effects of the immunizations might be worse than the diseases they prevent. He is also concerned about leaving his wife at home alone because she is 6 months pregnant.

 Reflective Questions

 1. How would you address Albert’s beliefs? 

2. What learning would be needed in each domain? 

3. What learning theories would you consider?

 4. How might his family concerns be addressed? 

Government discussion 1 | Government homework help

Read the article linked below (by Sandoval et al. As published in The New York Times) and address all of the prompts below . Your response must me (350 -450 words without the work cited) 

1)Summarize the article.  Identify the central argument (s) and the evidence used to support it / them.

2) Identify how this issue relates to what you have learned from the course textbook.  Be specific, citing a relevant passage from Unit 1 (ch. 1-6) and page from the book using MLA in-text citation format.

3) Summarize and evaluate the conclusion.  Is it logically consistent or inconsistent with the evidence provided in the article?  Is it consistent with what you learned in the textbook?

4)What have other scholars said about the issue?  How are their findings consistent / inconsistent with those in the article?

5) Overall, what are your thoughts about the central argument, evidence, and conclusion presented and why?

 The best responses will support all key arguments, facts, assertions and claims with research in both posts.

You must identify all additional sources with both MLA in-text (parenthetical) citations and references (in a Works Cited section at the end of your posting).

The minimum writing requirement must be met and exceeded using your own words (do not include cited information in your word count).

Don’t forget to include your word count!


         Contested, Heated Culture Wars ’Mark    Ultraconservative Texas Session

 This was the session that pushed Texas further to the right, at a time when it seemed least likely to do so – as the state becomes younger, less white and less Republican.

 One of the most conservative Texas legislative sessions ended this week, with bills that had died in previous sessions for being too extreme now viewed as middle-of-the-road in the post-Trump era.

 One of the most conservative Texas legislative sessions ended this week, with bills that had died in previous sessions for being too extreme now viewed as middle-of-the-road in the post-Trump era.Credit … Matthew Busch for The New  York Times

   By Edgar Sandoval, David Montgomery and Manny Fernandez

 June 1, 2021

 AUSTIN, Texas – It was a literal exit strategy: Texas Democrats staged a last-minute walkout on Sunday to kill an elections bill that would have restricted statewide voting.  The quorum-breaking move – a decades-old maneuver favored by Democratic lawmakers – worked, in dramatic fashion.

But by Tuesday, the reality of their short-lived triumph had settled in.  The bill was very much still alive, with the Republican governor vowing to call lawmakers back to Austin for a special session to revive and pass the measure.  It was a top legislative priority for the Republican Party, and would have been the final achievement in the ultraconservative session that concluded on Monday.

 On Tuesday, Democrats staggered out of the session that included passage of a number of other aggressive measures, including a near-ban on abortion and a bill allowing the carrying of handguns without permits.  And Republicans, who seven months ago staved off a high-profile, top-dollar campaign by Democrats to flip the State House for the first time in nearly two decades, applauded themselves for a series of conservative victories.

 “Elections have consequences,” said State Representative Craig Goldman, who represents part of Fort Worth and is the treasurer of the House Republican Caucus.  Of the Democrats, he said, “They spent over $ 50 million trying to gain control of the Texas State House and they didn’t do it.”


 Indeed, this was the session that pushed the state further right, at a time when it seemed least likely to do so – as Texas becomes younger, less white and less Republican, and as it continues to reel from the twin crises of the coronavirus pandemic  and the collapse of its power grid during a winter storm that killed more than 150 people statewide.

 Texas legislative politics reverberate far beyond the state’s borders because of its size, its pull in Congress and its economy.  The session provides a window into the partisan warfare being waged at the statehouse level around the country – in states they control, Republicans are tightening their grip on the levers of power as the demographics shift around them.

 Like a lot of statehouses, the Texas Capitol is filled with part-time lawmakers.  Its members – who typically meet once every two years for 140 days – are paid a salary of $ 7,200 and earn a living elsewhere.  One of the authors of the gun bill owns an East Texas insurance agency, and another is an orthopedic surgeon.  A writer of a measure that sought to ban transgender students from playing on sports teams based on their gender identity is a certified public accountant.  One of the lawmakers who helped draft legislation to financially punish large cities if they cut their police budgets is a banker.

 On a recent afternoon beneath the salmon-colored dome of the Texas Capitol, a lobbyist chatted in the halls with a sales representative for a drilling fluids company.  That sales rep was State Representative Tom Craddick, who served years ago as the first Republican speaker of the Texas House since Reconstruction.

 “Some people play golf,” Mr. Craddick, 77, said.  “I’m in the Legislature.”

 In past decades, Mr. Craddick and his fellow conservatives have consistently put their stamp on the biennial legislative sessions in Austin that begin in January and end in May.  They gained national attention for banning sanctuary cities and requiring voter ID, among other measures.

 But the tenor, the players, the combativeness and the times have changed.

 This became one of the most conservative recent sessions in Texas, with bills that had died in previous sessions for being too extreme now viewed as middle-of-the-road in the post-Trump era.  Last month, in the span of a feverish few days, lawmakers passed the bill banning abortion after six weeks of pregnancy, when many women are not even aware they are pregnant, after a similar bill died in the 2019 session.  And they approved the bill to do away with the state’s handgun permit and training system, after similar efforts failed to gain momentum in past years.

 ImageTexas lawmakers approved a bill to do away with the state’s handgun permit and training system, after similar efforts failed to gain momentum in past years.

 Texas lawmakers approved a bill to do away with the state’s handgun permit and training system, after similar efforts failed to gain momentum in past years.Credit … Matthew Busch for The New York Times

 Another factor has been the disappearance of the moderate Republican guardrails.

 In past legislative sessions, Bush-style Republicans, including the former speaker of the House, Joe Straus of San Antonio, blocked many bills put forth by the far right, including killing a so-called bathroom bill in 2017 that would have restricted which bathroom  transgender people can use in public buildings and schools.  Mr. Straus and many of his moderate allies are gone now from the Legislature, replaced in large part by pro-Trump Republicans who have taken to criticizing Gov.  Greg Abbott for not being conservative enough.

 The state’s Republican leadership thrived in the Obama era, in much the same way that California’s Democratic leadership relished being the liberal antidote in the Trump era.  Now Texas Republicans are playing the antagonist once again during the Biden administration, all while intraparty skirmishes have broken out and far-right grass-roots activists prepare for next year’s Republican primaries.

 “They’re flexing their muscle going into the 2022 primaries, so they’re all looking over their right shoulders and I think that’s driving a lot of this,” said State Representative Chris Turner, who is the chairman of the House Democratic Caucus.  “They certainly are pushing the envelope in a way they haven’t before.”

 Republican lawmakers, including Mr. Goldman, deny that any of their work this session was payback against the Democrats for a hard-fought election last year.  They said they were given a mandate by Texas voters when Democrats who needed to flip nine net seats to take control of the House gained none.

 “When the people of Texas see that onslaught of dollars and a lot of negative campaigns and they aren’t persuaded to ditch their Republican representative for a Democrat, it tells Republicans that people are embracing their point of view,” said State Representative Jim Murphy  , chairman of the House Republican Caucus.

 State Representative Jarvis D. Johnson, a Democrat from Houston, said this had been a particularly partisan session.  He cited but one example: the dismissive Republican response to his efforts to abolish Confederate Heroes Day, an official state holiday in Texas.

 “Last session I was able to get a committee hearing on this,” Mr. Johnson said.  “That’s something I could not even get this year.”

 Mr. Johnson had a heated exchange on the House floor with a Republican lawmaker over the role of slavery in the Texas Revolution, one of many confrontations and arguments between Democratic and Republican legislators.

 “As long as you’re a white, Christian evangelical, gun-loving, Bible-toting, race-baiting person, hell yeah, Texas is for you,” Mr. Johnson, who is Black, said in an interview.  “They got all kinds of freedoms for them.  Believe me, I’d like to tell you that I’ve got a lot of friends on the other side of the aisle.  But I can’t lie to you like that. ”

 State Representative Jarvis Johnson in 2017. Mr. Johnson, a Democrat, said Republicans were dismissive of his efforts this session to abolish Confederate Heroes Day, a state holiday.

 State Representative Jarvis Johnson in 2017. Mr. Johnson, a Democrat, said Republicans were dismissive of his efforts this session to abolish Confederate Heroes Day, a state holiday.Credit … Eric Gay / Associated Press

 In Texas, it has long been the case that Democrats can only stall legislation.  It is nearly impossible for them to push forward bills in tune with their vision of a more progressive state.

 Recently, the beleaguered party saw one way out of the transgender sports bill: Keep talking past the deadline to pass it.  And so the Democratic lawmakers did.  After the clock struck midnight, they cheered and transgender activists waved flags in the chamber.

 They also used last-minute stalling tactics to successfully kill two other bills in the House that had been priorities for Lt. Gov.  Dan Patrick, the presiding officer in the Senate who later criticized his Republican colleagues in the House for not working hard enough.

 When the speaker of the House, State Representative Dade Phelan, was stopped at an entrance to the Senate last month because he lacked a required wristband showing he had a negative coronavirus test, it started an intraparty debate over whether he was denied entry to the chamber  .  The incident only heightened the perception that the two Republican-led chambers that Democrats accused of advancing such a divisive conservative agenda were themselves divided.

 “There’s always some level of factions just because we’re like any family,” said Mr. Murphy, the Republican caucus chairman.  “There’s the ones that have cheese pizza and those who want pepperoni.  But we’re all going to sit down for dinner. ”

 It has been decades since Molly Ivins, a sharp-witted liberal writer known for mocking the political status quo, famously called the Legislature “the finest free entertainment in Texas.”

 In 1979, in a move not unlike what the Democrats pulled off this weekend, a dozen Democratic senators known as the Killer Bees hid offsite to prevent the Senate from reaching a quorum on election legislation.  State troopers were dispatched to round them up.  Officers thought they nabbed State Senator Gene Jones but discovered, after flying him to Austin in a helicopter, that they instead had his brother Clayton.  When Clayton Jones was asked why he went along with the mix-up, he said he had never been in a helicopter before.

 Decades ago, during one of his epic filibusters – in which lawmakers have to keep speaking except when allies ask questions and not leave the floor even for restroom breaks – State Senator AR Schwartz, known as Babe, was surrounded by his Democratic colleagues in a corner  during a long question.  He urinated into a wastebasket.  His allies then cleared out, taking the wastebasket with them.

 Molly Ivins-style moments of levity still occur, though not as frequently.

 During a recent discussion over a measure that would restrict the breeding of unlicensed dogs and cats, pet banter and chuckles flowed.  The bill’s sponsor, State Senator José Menéndez, a San Antonio Democrat, called the moment bittersweet, and fleeting.

 “It was one of the few light moments we’ve had,” Mr. Menéndez said.  “Everything else has been very contested, heated culture wars.”

 Simon Romero and John Schwartz contributed reporting.

 Edgar Sandoval is a reporter with the National desk, where he writes about South Texas people and places.  Previously he was a newspaper reporter in Los Angeles, Pennsylvania and Florida.  He is the author of “The New Face of Small Town America.”  @edjsandoval

 Manny Fernandez is the Los Angeles bureau chief.  He spent more than nine years covering Texas as the Houston bureau chief.  He joined The Times as a Metro reporter in 2005, covering the Bronx and housing.  @mannyNYT.


                         CHAPTER 1


The Political Culture, People, and Economy of Texas


 Copyright © 2019 W. W. Norton & Company


 The Political Culture, People, and Economy of Texas

 Why Texas’s Political Culture Matters

 Steinbeck: Texas is “a state of mind.  .  .  a mystical closely approximating a religion. ”

 There are many myths about Texans.

 • Cowboy image

 • Rancher who champions economic independence

 • Wildcatter who is willing to risk everything

 • Independent entrepreneur who fiercely opposes the intrusion of government

 The reality of Texas today is much more complicated.

 Why Texas’s Political Culture Matters: The Republican Party Texas is the second-largest state and the second most populous.

  Texas is much more diverse than is commonly thought.

 Texas politics today is dominated by the Republican Party, but its long-term dominance is not certain.

 • Increasing racial and ethnic diversity points to a new Texas, one that looks sharply different from the one in the history books.


 Texas Political Culture

 Political culture is broadly shared values, beliefs, and attitudes about how government and society should function.


 American political culture is traditionally viewed as emphasizing the values ​​of liberty, equality, and democracy.


 Texas is categorized as having a “traditionalistic individualistic” political culture.

 Texas Political Culture: The One-Party State and Provincialism

 The one-party state

 • For over 100 years, Texas was dominated by the Democratic Party, but this pattern no longer holds.

 • Substantial competition emerged between the parties in the 1990s, and the Republican Party secured control after redistricting in 2002.


 • Texas’s political culture was also once defined by provincialism, a narrow view associated with rural values ​​and notions of limited government.

 • The result was often a self-interested view of the world and an intolerance of diversity.


 Texas Political Culture: Business Dominance

 Business dominance

 • Texas’s political culture has also been defined by

 the longtime dominance of business interests.

 • They are major players in terms of campaign contributions and lobbying.

 • Other groups that may offer an alternative, like labor unions, are rare, poorly organized, and / or poorly funded.

 The Land

 Texas politics is shaped by the state’s geography.

 • The most distinctive characteristic of Texas’s geography is its size.

 • The longest straight-line distance across the state from north to south is 801 miles;  the longest east – west distance is 773 miles.

 • The east – west distance from New York City to Chicago is 821 miles.

 • Texas turned a large portion of its public lands over to private ownership.

 Business and Politics: Fracking

 Figure 1.1: The Physical Regions of Texas

 The Land: The Gulf Coastal Plains

 The Gulf Coastal Plains

 • Almost all of Texas’s timber production takes place here.

 • The area is home to some of Texas’s most famous oilfields.

 • The region was the foundation of plantation life during the antebellum period, when slavery flourished in the state.

 • Urban areas have become Democratic, while the suburbs have become more Republican.

 The Land: The Interior Lowlands, the Great Plains, and the Basin and Range Province

 The Interior Lowlands

 • Agricultural economy and rural population

 • Many of the state’s largest ranches

 • Conservative political values

 The Great Plains

 • Economy centered on agriculture, cotton production, ranching, and petroleum production

 • Conservative political values

 The Basin and Range Province

 • Mountains, little rain, and few people

 • Large Latino population;  Democratic Party bastion

 Economic Change in Texas

 Joseph Schumpeter and “creative destruction”

 • Periodic waves of transformation are fueled by technological innovations in production and distribution.

 • This capitalist process not only creates a new economy but also destroys old ones.

 • Schumpeter’s theory provides a useful way to think about the economic changes that have shaped and reshaped the Texas economy.

 Economic Change in Texas: Cotton


 • Cotton is one of the oldest crops grown in Texas.

 • Cotton production cycles go up and down.

 • The 1930 Census reported that 61 percent of all farmers in Texas were tenant farmers;  one-third of those were sharecroppers.

 • The number of tenant farmers fell throughout the Great Depression.

 • By 1987, only 12 percent of all farmers were tenants.

 Economic Change in Texas: Cotton Production

 One-quarter of the cotton produced in the United States still comes from Texas.

 This photo shows land and machinery used to farm cotton.

 Economic Change in Texas: Cattle


 • The history of ranching and the cattle industry parallels that of cotton in many ways.

 • The industry took off following the Civil War and expanded throughout the state.

 • Neither cotton nor ranching is as important now as it was in the past.

 • In the early twentieth century, new technological breakthroughs focused not on what grew on the land but on what lay beneath it.

 Economic Change in Texas: The King Ranch

 Economic Change in Texas: Oil and Gas

 Oil and gas

 • Oil took off in 1901 with the discovery of the Spindletop oilfield.

 • Oil fever spread throughout Texas over the next decade.

 • One can trace the rise and decline and rise again of the oil and gas industry in Texas through production figures (see Figure 1.2).

 • A major discovery that brought new oil and gas to market could lead to a sudden collapse in prices.

 • A boom-and-bust mentality was introduced.

Figure 1.2: Oil Production in Texas

 Economic Change in Texas: Oil and Gas, Continued

 Oil and gas, continued

 • Oil and gas transformed the government and the economy.

 • The power of government was expanded through the Railroad Commission.

 • Higher education has benefited.

 • Oil and gas production is emerging again in the Texas economy, which will result in new demands for water supplies and new environmental concerns.

 Economic Change in Texas: High-Tech Industries

 High-tech industries

 • World oil prices began to collapse in 1982.

 • Texas emerged in the 1980s as a leader in high-tech industries.

 • In the 1990s, Texas went from seventh in the nation in total manufacturing employment to second.

 • In 2015, 14.34 percent of the total output in the state came from manufacturing, and 7.3 percent of the workforce was employed in manufacturing.

 Center of Medial Research: Houston

 Economic Change in Texas: NAFTA


 • The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed in 1992, created a free-trade zone among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

 • Texas exports


 • Although there were

 some NAFTA losers,

 there were also big



 Economic Change in Texas: The Military

 Since annexation, the state’s economy has been closely tied to the establishment of military bases.

 • Military bases are economically vital to local communities.

 • An expanding military significantly stimulates economic growth and employment in Texas.


 In 2015, over 163,000 active-duty, reserve, and civilian personnel employed by the U.S. military were living in Texas.

 Economic Change in Texas: The Great Recession

 Texas in the Great Recession

 • In 2007, the nation entered what some have called “the Great Recession.”

 • Texas was one of the last states to enter, and was one of the first to exit, the Great Recession.

 • Texas’s economic miracle involved low taxes and low services, pro-business and free market government, and an entrepreneurial spirit.

 • Some pundits question the notion of the Texas economic miracle as economic growth in Texas no longer appears to outperform that of other states.

 Jeff Moseley, Texas Association of Business

 The People of Texas

 Three factors account for population growth in Texas.

 • Natural increase (births)

 • International immigration (from outside the United States)

 • Domestic immigration (from one U.S. state to another)


 Texas’s population in 2017 was estimated to be over 28 million.

 The People of Texas: Whites

 Whites (Anglos)

 • For most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the dominant ethnic group was non-Hispanic whites.

 • The first wave was encouraged by empresarios such as Moses Austin and his son Stephen F. Austin.

 • As a percentage of the population, the white population peaked at 74 percent in 1950.

 • This percentage began to fall, reaching 43.5 percent in 2015, and will likely continue to fall.

 The People of Texas: Latinos


 • Most Latinos in Texas are of Mexican descent.

 • Until 1900, Latinos were concentrated in south Texas;  by 2000, Latinos constituted majorities in San Antonio and El Paso and sizable minorities in other cities.

 • The political status of Latinos in Texas has changed considerably over the past 100 years.

 • The number of Latinos elected to public office rose from 1,466 in 1986 to 2,521 in 2011.

 The People of Texas: Latinos, Continued

 Latinos, continued

 • The political status of Latinos in Texas has changed considerably over the past 100 years.

 • The white-only primary and the poll tax actively discouraged voting by Latinos.

 • In 1956, Henry B. Gonzalez became the first Mexican American to be elected to the Texas Senate in modern times.

 • The La Raza Unida Party emerged in the mid-1960s.

 Latinos in Texas Politics

 The People of Texas: African Americans

 African Americans

 • People of African descent were among the earliest explorers of Texas.

 • Most African Americans, however, entered the state as slaves.

 • Mexican authorities ’antislavery attitudes kept the black population relatively low (5,000 in 1830) until the Texas Revolution and expansion of slavery.

 • Emancipation (June 19, 1865) did not bring anything approaching equality.

 The People of Texas: African Americans, Continued

 African Americans, continued

 • Black Codes restricted the rights of former slaves.

 • Federal court cases in the 1940s and 1950s offered some hope of relief.

 • The Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights (1965) helped open the political system to African Americans.

 • In 1972, Barbara Jordan became the first African American woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas.


 Civil Rights Movement in Texas

 The People of Texas: Asians and Age


 • In 2017, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated over 1 million Asian Americans resided in Texas (5 percent of the state’s population).

 • Asians tend to be concentrated in urban and suburban areas.


 • The population of Texas is relatively young in comparison with the rest of the nation.

 • In 2015, 27.3 percent of the population was estimated to be under 18 years old, compared with 24.0 percent nationally.

 Who Are Texans?  How is the Texas Population Changing?

 Who Are Texans?  Race and Total Population

 Who Are Texans?  Geography

 Table 1.1: Per Capita Personal Income in Texas and the United States, 1990–2017

 Poverty and wealth

 • Despite the growth of the 1990s, incomes in Texas have lagged behind those of the nation as a whole.


 Much of Texas’s history is linked to ongoing urbanization.


 By the twenty-first century, the process of urbanization was largely complete.


 Now, 85 percent of the population resides in urban areas (see Figure 1.8).


 Urbanization and the accompanying suburbanization are the forces driving politics in modern Texas.

 Figure 1.8: Urbanization in Texas, 1850–2010

 Texas and the Nation: How does Texas’s population compare to other major states?

 Texas and the Nation: Racial Diversity

 Texas and the Nation: Percent change in population, 2000-2010

 Urban Political Life: Houston


 • Houston is the largest city in Texas, with a population of 2.1 million;  it is the fourth-largest city in the United States.

 • It is the second- or third-busiest deep-water port in the United States (depending on whose ranking is used).

 • Oil fundamentally transformed the Houston area and made Houston one of the leading energy centers in the world.


 Table 1.2: Race and Ethnic Breakdown of Texas and Its Largest Counties, 2017

 English Classes for Immigrants

 Urban Political Life: Dallas – Fort Worth

 Dallas ‒ Fort Worth

 • The Metroplex consists of Dallas, Fort Worth, and a number of other suburban cities.

 • With the discovery of oil in east Texas in 1930, Dallas became a major center for petroleum financing.

 • Dallas looks to the east and embodies a more corporate culture.

 • Fort Worth looks to the west and since the two world wars has emerged as the home of a large aviation industry.


 Urban Political Life: San Antonio

 San Antonio

 • San Antonio is Texas’s second-largest city.

 • San Antonio’s population has become increasingly Latino.

 • San Antonio lacks high-paying manufacturing jobs, and average metropolitan income is lower than in Houston and Dallas.

 • The economy rests on national military bases, educational institutions, tourism, and a large medical research complex.


 Urban Political Life: Austin


 • As the state capital, Austin is the hub for government business.

 • It is the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Texas.

 • Austin is the location of the University of Texas at Austin— the flagship institution of the University of Texas system.

 • Austin has a high-tech thriving industry.

 • Austin’s per capita income and median household income are both greater than their corresponding state averages.

 Immigrant Rights Protesters

Immigration in Texas

                  CHAPTER 4

Political Parties

Copyright © 2019 W. W. Norton & Company

Political Parties in Texas


Why Political Parties Matter

Two parallel developments have occurred.

•Domination of the Republican Party in Texas

•The state’s growing minority population, which is increasingly Latino

Texas has largely been a one-party state: first Democratic, then Republican.

The Republican Party in Texas is divided.

•There are three political parties in today’s Texas: business-oriented mainstream Republicans, Tea Party conservative Republicans, and the Democratic Party.

The Democrats face an uphill battle trying to regain power, at least in the short term.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics

Political parties 

•Help candidates win elections

•Assist voters in making their choices

•Raise money for campaigns and help “get out the vote”

•Organize the government if their party wins the election

An important function of parties in Texas is to provide a label under which candidates run and with which voters identify.

•Each party develops a party platform from which voters can get a better sense of what the party stands for.


The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: National Context

Texas parties in the national context

•States differ in the strength of the political parties.

•State political parties have less power.

•“All politics is local.” 

•Local issues are usually not ideological in nature.

Partisan polarization is becoming more pronounced in the Texas legislature.

•Compromise has become increasingly difficult.

Selecting Candidates: 2018

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Public Attitudes about Parties

Public attitudes about parties

Political socialization occurs in our early years.

•Agents of socialization: parents, religious leaders, teachers, others

•For many people, partisan affiliation is important when deciding how to vote.

•Texans are increasingly identifying as independent, however.

•The Tea Party is particularly strong in Texas.

•In 2017, 16 percent of respondents said they would vote for a Tea Party candidate if the movement organized as a third party.

•Swing voters may ultimately decide elections.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: The Contemporary Republican Party

The contemporary Republican Party in Texas

•Texas Republicans are experiencing major division within the party.

•The Tea Party has had considerable influence.

•Republicans hold all major statewide elected offices, but the party has not always been so powerful.

•Before 1994, Democrats held many statewide offices.

•Ann Richards, a proud liberal, was the state’s last Democratic governor.

Dan Patrick


The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: The Contemporary Democratic Party

The contemporary Democratic Party in Texas

•Texas Democrats have been consigned to minority status since the early 2000s.

•Texas Democrats today would be classified as liberal.

•The party’s base is made up of African Americans, Latinos, and white liberals in urban areas.

•The party’s base is currently not large enough to win statewide races.

•Of the 11 Democrats representing Texas in Congress, 8 are Latino or African American.


Beto O’Rourke (D-El Paso)


The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Party Organization

Democratic and Republican Party organization

•Texas does not have party registration.

•Voters may vote in either primary.

•Candidates must win either

•A majority of the primary vote

•A runoff between the two highest vote getters

•Parties in Texas are organized at the precinct, county, and state levels.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Anderson County Democrats

Figure 4.1: Party Organization in Texas

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Precincts and County Chairs

Democratic and Republican Party organization, continued

•In each election precinct, a precinct chair is elected in the party primary.

•Also elected in the primary is the county chair, who heads the county executive committee, which is composed of the chair and the precinct chairs.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Committees and Conventions

Democratic and Republican Party organization, continued

•At the state level, a state executive committee includes a state chair and a vice chair.

Precinct conventions send delegates to the county convention and may submit resolutions for the party platform.

•The county conventions (or in urban areas, district conventions) then elect delegates to the state convention.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Third Parties

Third parties in Texas

•The two parties in power make it difficult for third parties to thrive, and third-party candidates rarely win.

•Third parties and candidates do, however, emerge.

•The Grange and Populist movements

•States’ Rights Party, or Dixiecrats

•George Wallace and segregation

•The civil rights movement and La Raza Unida

•The Libertarian Party

•The 2006 election for governor

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Kinky Friedman

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Third Parties, Continued

Third parties in Texas, continued

•Why don’t people vote for third parties?

•Texas employs a “first past the post,” single-member district electoral system.

Duverger’s Law: a two-party system will emerge from a single-member district system.

•Some other countries use a system of proportional representation, a multimember district system that allows each political party representation in proportion to its percentage of the total vote.

The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: The Tea Party Movement

The Tea Party movement in Texas

•The Tea Party movement has had more influence in Texas than in other states because of its libertarian antitax message.

•Implications: less funding for education and fewer social services

•Tea Party organizers have focused on influencing Republican primaries rather than running third-party candidates.

Rep. Dennis Bonnen (R-Angleton)


The Role of Political Parties in Texas Politics: Politics and the Media

Parties have established active presences in social media platforms (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat).

•They use social media to mobilize voters and solicit campaign contributions with little cost.

Texas’s History as a One-Party State

After the Civil War, Texas entered an era of one-party rule that lasted over a century.

•The real election was the Democratic primary.

•Republicans frequently did not run any candidate at all for many offices.

•Many counties had no Republican Party at all.

By about the mid-1940s, a split between liberal and conservative Democrats developed in response to New Deal and civil rights policies.

Texas’s History as a One-Party State: The ShivercratMovement

The Shivercrat movement of the 1950s and a strengthening pattern of presidential Republicanism signaled coming change.

Texas’s History as a One-Party State: Conservative Democrats

The era of conservative Democrats

•Democrats were conservative on fiscal and racial issues.

•The Republican Party was initially started in Illinois as an antislavery party.

•Many southern Democrats were elected to Congress and gained seniority in the Democratic-controlled Congress.

Texas’s History as a One-Party State: Growth of the Republican Party

The growth of the Republican Party

•Reagan’s election in 1980 marked a significant change in how Texans began to vote, not only in presidential elections but also in state elections.

•At the end of the Reagan and George H. W. Bush years, Texas became a Republican state, not only in presidential races but also in state races.

•In 1999, every statewide elected official was Republican.

•In the 2016 Texas legislature, 20 out of 31 senators and 94 out of 150 representatives were Republican.

•In 2016, both U.S. senators and 25 of the 36 House members from Texas were Republican.

Figure 4.2: The Texas Delegation to the U.S. House, 1845–2019

Table 4.1: Republican Officeholders in Texas, 1974–2018


Do Internal Divisions Spell Trouble for the Republican Party in Texas?


Texas’s History as a One-Party State: The Disappearance of Conservative Democrats

The disappearance of conservative Democrats

•Conservative Democrats, also known as Blue Dog Democrats, are becoming an endangered species in the South.

•By 2012, all the conservative Democrats from Texas in Congress had retired, switched parties, or lost their reelections.

•In today’s political environment, the influence of conservative Democrats and liberal Republicans is very limited.

Rep. Henry Cuellar (D-Laredo)

Texas Party Politics Today

Party unity and disunity 

•Parties have opposing factions within them.

•When the Democratic Party was the dominant party in Texas, factional battles were common between liberals and conservatives.

•Republican Party factions include

•The religious right

•Economic conservatives

•The Tea Party

Texas Party Politics Today: Influences on Partisanship

Urban, rural, and suburban influences on partisanship

•Cities in Texas have become more Democratic.

•Rural areas remain solidly conservative and have become Republican.

•“White flight” to the suburbs, which tend to lean Republican

•Voters tend to settle in places with like-minded people, reinforcing the political proclivities already established.

Influential Latinos in the Democratic Party


Clicker Question: What Do Texans Think?


Clicker Question: Part 2

Do you think the Tea Party has . . .

a)too much influence

b)too little influence

c)the right amount of influence

d)don’t know


Clicker Question: Part 3


Texas Party Politics Today: African Americans

African Americans in Texas political parties

•About 12 percent of the Texas population is African American.

•The influence of African Americans in the Democratic Party is high not only because they tend to vote Democratic but because they participate in elections more than other ethnic groups.

•During the 2014 statewide elections, 35.3 percent of African Americans turned out to vote versus 35.2 percent of whites and 22.4 percent of Hispanics.

•African Americans have been elected mayors of important cities in Texas, such as Houston and San Antonio.

Texas Party Politics Today: Latinos

Latinos in Texas political parties

•In 2010, it was estimated that Hispanics constituted about 20 percent of the registered voters in Texas.

•Latinos have not fully realized their potential voting strength; Latino voters have a significantly lower turnout rate than other groups.

•The full impact of the Latino demographic surge may not be felt until the next generation, because U.S.-born children of noncitizens are eligible to vote, while their (noncitizen) parents are not.

Table 4.2: Turnout by Race: 2016 Presidential Year versus 2014 Statewide Election Year

302 final case study | Management homework help


At the end of each chapter (except for the introduction) in the Northouse (2019) book, you will read all three case studies. The instructor will choose ONE of the case studies from EACH assigned chapter and you are to answer the questions for it. Your response to each Case Study should be no more than one page double-spaced (that means, six case studies = 6 pages total). Label each Case Study (i.e. 2.2) and submit all six Case Studies as ONE paper at the end of the last week of the course. Label the computer file with your last name first, i.e. “Smith – Case Studies.” Be sure to include a cover page following the APA guidelines and submit it in the dropbox. Do it well as this final assignment will constitute 20% of your final grade.

For this class you will hand in the following case studies as instructed by the instructor in class:

  • 2.1 – “Choosing a New Director of Research.” (pp. 32-33) 3 questions
  • 3.1 – “A Strained Research Team,” (pp. 60-61) 3 questions
  • 4.2 – “Eating Lunch Standing Up.“(pp. 85-86) 4 questions
  • 5.2 – “Why Aren’t They Listening?” (pp. 107-108) 4 questions
  • 6.3 – “Playing in the Orchestra.” (pp. 131-133) 4 questions
  • 7.1  – “His Team Gets the Best Assignments” pp.151-153 4 questions

3 reply | Education homework help

you will post a response to three other student threads, with at least 200 words in each reply. Two additional sources beyond required weekly sources must be used in each reply and properly cited.


Recruiting is not just the ability to find an individual to fill a job opening and get them on the payroll; there is so much more to the recruiting process.  However, there are many challenges in the recruiting process.  First, a fundamental issue is money and how much the company is willing to spend; second is organizational policies and its image; third is evaluating those who are conducting the recruiting and how well they interact with the potential candidates, and lastly is the job characteristics and the realistic job preview according to Lussier and Hendon (2019).  How will the agency recruit qualified individuals who are willing to work, complete the required tasks, work well with others, and be an asset to the company?  All the elements mentioned above come into play for many organizations. If not closely examined, they may either lose out in attracting qualified candidates, violate policy or even federal laws, or hire the wrong candidate who returns negative results or creates turnover. 

Langan (2000) reports that 52% of employers surveyed expressed recruitment and retention was their most critical issue facing their organization as many individuals are no longer drawn to a company just based on pay.  Lussier and Hendon (2019) discussed this reason and found that money is not always the driving factor for employment with the new generations dominating the workforce. Therefore, organizations need to plan and budget when looking for employees to fill the void—determining how to fill the vacancies, whether internally or externally, or by using headhunters or referrals will aid in budgeting how much to spend.  Also, using various media outlets can reduce budget expenses, but this could also reduce qualified candidates.  Also, an organization needs to look at the image it is portraying because many of the up and coming individuals want different commitments from their employers, including more family time and various benefits. 

One of the most critical challenges in recruiting are the recruiter and the social exchange that takes place during the interview process (Kristoff-Brown, Barrick, & Franke, 2002).  Recruiters not only need to find individuals who possess the necessary skills to perform the job requirements, but they need to be able to read people to see if they are indeed a “fit” for the position (Kristoff-Brown, Barrick, & Franke, 2002).  The last challenges to discuss are the job characteristics and realistic job preview.  Candidates need to know what is expected of them.  Many recruits think of the fast car chases with lights and sirens blazing, putting the bad guy in jail, and finding the missing child in policing.  However, this is not the reality of the job.  Soomro and Yanos (2018) list numerous psychological consequences of police work, including suicide, PTSD, and emotional challenges.  Recruiters need to ensure candidates know what to expect and that the job is not glamorous all the time.  Psalm 55:22 reads, “Cast your burden on the Lord, and he will sustain you; he will never permit the righteousness be removed” (English Standard Version).  Certain occupations are more demanding than others. Therefore it takes specific personal characteristics to be able to do the job.  Recruiters must employ skills to be able to see these characteristics and not place someone in a position they are not cut out to undertake.  


According to Lussier and Hendon (2019), recruiting is the process of establishing a qualified applicant pool to fill a job opening. Emphasis is placed on ‘qualified,’ as a large number of applicants who apply for a job do not meet qualifications posted for the position. To obtain qualified candidates for an open position, a detailed job analysis, including job descriptions and specifications, allow both the job applicant and the organization to determine whether or not an applicant would be a potential match for the job opening. It is essential that organizations effectively spread the word about a job opening. The process of recruiting can take on many forms in the human resources professional should clearly understand the labor market regarding the supply and demand for employees, the current unemployment rate, general factors within the labor force, competitors for potential employees, and the social and legal environment (Lussier & Hendon, 2019).

Significant Challenges in Recruiting Talent

            Specific to law enforcement, finding new employees can be a daunting task, especially sworn law enforcement officers. In today’s political climate, significant challenges exist for recruiters who are desperately trying to fill open positions due to attrition and an overall lack of interest in policing. Current factors such as a stable economy, perception of increased danger associated policing, and the current negative image of policing have led to significant shortages of police officers throughout the United States (The force is weak; Recruiting police officers, 2017). 

            Law enforcement agencies also prefer to recruit a workforce that mirrors the community they serve. Hiring minorities, women, and those individuals from the LGBTQ community have become an emphasis for many police chiefs. According to Prussel and Lonsway (2001), the stereotyping of policing, which often focuses on a military-like environment, detours many women from pursuing a law enforcement career. Agencies are striving to change the perception of policing to be more inclusive of a broader demographic. Human resource managers should focus more on how to recruit by aiming for their style of recruiting. Social media and other hiring websites have assisted in external recruiting. Recruiting will continue to face challenges, especially in government work, until the government becomes more competitive with private industry (Lussier & Hendon, 2019). 

            The Bible tells us in Proverbs 22:29 (English Standard Version) that a man skillful in his work will stand before kings and not stand before obscure men. And then Titus 2:7-8, we learn that we cannot show ourselves in all respects to be a model of good works unless we display integrity, dignity, and sound speech that is above reproach and does not allow others to speak evil. While recruiting efforts are essential in onboarding new hires to an organization, the reputation of the organization is critically important to ensure new employees want to join the ranks.


Recruiting is a complicated aspect of any industry and takes up a large portion of the revenue, particularly in law enforcement agencies. Lussier and Hendon (2017) point out that the challenges and costs are similar between both the civilian and law enforcement aspect of recruitment costing up to four times the salary for a benefited job. Within law enforcement the cost is typically higher because of the extensive background investigation and testing required to fill a position. From start to finish the average time to hire a law enforcement officer can end up taking as long as six months. Jackson (2006) points out that due to budget restraints it is difficult to hire qualified officers. The competition is so fierce that smaller agencies are suffering from the resources that a larger one works with. McKeever and Kranda (2006) present the factor that causes some agencies to have negative recruitment issues because of a poor self-assessment. They point out that an agency needs to have a healthy work environment with incentives for someone to join the department. Unfortunately, recent times have highlighted the toxic work environments present in law enforcement and the weak command staff structures that turn against those officers in a moment of media attention.

Lussier and Hendon (2017) determined that obtaining qualified candidates takes several steps to be successful. The first is to properly analyze the agencies qualities and shortages to offer prospective employees. Second is to supply a job description that allows a candidate and recruiters to fully assess if the fit would be good for both sides. Lastly, the advertisement for a position must be done in a proper way that reaches out to the right group. Understanding the current climate and trends of the workforce is a very key aspect to finding a successful candidate.

As pointed out by our readings having a quality agency is the best approach and is also important as a Christian society. Hebrews 4:12 of the Holy Bible (English Standard Version) states ,” For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.” This tells us that God is active in our world, seeing our every intention. As Christians society must keep a sound house that follows the commandments of God, keeping to an ethical and moral stance.

Life skills assignment | Management homework help


Your assignment will require that you thoroughly read Chapter 11 and the Case: Change Competency (Page 344 of your textbook) and then answer the five questions posted on Page 345.

Your written content must be APA (7th) format (title page, each question on a page by itself, and a reference page).

You must also reference your in-text with the sources cited, and the written content must be substantive for each question, no less than 250 words per answer.

Nutrition assignment 5 | Nursing homework help

Essay assignment (500 words minimum) on the obesity and overweightness epidemic, providing two (2) short-term solutions for individuals and three (3) long-term solutions for communities.


The learning objectives for this chapter build upon concepts regarding conditions that may arise from imbalances of nutrients, food intake, and energy. One such condition is obesity and overweightness. This assignment requires students to provide 2 potential short-term solutions for individuals and 3 potential long-term solutions for communities that face health crises stemming from obesity and its complications.

Students should be able to answer the following five questions:

  1. Physiology of Obesity: what are the impacts and complications that stem from obesity or overweightness?
  2. Obesity on An Individual Scale: define and explain the general concepts of obesity, and how individuals may become overweight or obese.
  3. Obesity on A Community Scale: provide real-world examples of communities who may be impacted by obesity and its complications, and how obesity can impact a community’s way of life.
  4. Short-Term Solutions: what are 2 short-term solutions for individuals who are facing obesity and its complications?
  5. Long-Term Solutions: what are 3 long-term solutions for communities who are facing obesity and its complications?

Note: the term communities is broad and may include specific age groups, at-risk groups, etc. Students should aim to approach this topic with a holistic mindset and critically understand the social, cultural, and economic influences behind obesity.

Students should also provide an organized list of APA-formatted citations and sources.

Project management communication plan | Applied Sciences homework help

Please use the template and rubric.

Remove the green text from template and only do the section of rubric.


The project communication plan outlines the who, where, what, when, why, and how of project communications. Project managers need to manage the information created by the project and disseminate to the primary stakeholders of the project. Communication is critical to managing project expectations and teamwork of the project team.

Assignment Instructions

You are managing a server installation project that has globally interconnected stakeholders in San Jose, CA; Colorado Springs, CO; St. Louis, MO; Nashua, MA; Rhos-on-Sea, Wales; and Ljubljana, Slovenia. Stakeholders in San Jose build the individual machines that will comprise the kluge of boxes that will make up your install project in Rhos-on-Sea and Ljubljana. Your systems engineers are located in Colorado Springs, and your system testers reside in St. Louis.

The contracted vendor assembles the various CPUs, processors, file servers, drives, and cabling that make up your server network. Rhos-on-Sea and Ljubljana will provide the necessary technicians, on site, to do the installation under the supervision of the systems engineers, followed by systems testing by your testers.

Ensure your communication matrix in the Communications Management Plan template located here reflects the stakeholders, time zone considerations, and the appropriate technology that can be leveraged for virtual communications for global team.

Use the Communications Plan template to build a Project Communication Plan that encompasses the information requirements as outlined in the PMBOK Guide section Communications Management Plan.

Assignment Requirements

Please use the Communication Management Plan template to complete the assignment. Review the instructions for each section and as you complete each, remove the instructions and examples from the template

Also review the university policy on plagiarism. If you have any questions, please contact your professor.

Discussion: parenting and child development | SOCW 6200 – Human Behavior and the Social Environment I | Walden University


Discussion: Parenting and Child Development

For this Discussion, watch this week’s Sessions episode on the Hernandez Family.

By Day 3

Post an explanation of the potential value of Juan and Elena’s participation in the parenting class. If a child is exposed to behavior standards that do not account for his or her developmental stage, how might this impact the child’s development?

Please use the Learning Resources to support your answer.


Required Readings

Zastrow, C. H., Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hessenauer, S. L.  (2019). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Chapter 3, “Psychological Development in Infancy and Childhood” (pp. 95-158)

Oshri, A., Lucier, G. M., O’Neal, C. W., Arnold, A. L., Mancini, J. A., & Ford, J. L. (2015). Adverse Childhood Experiences, Family Functioning, and Resilience in Military Families: A Pattern-Based Approach. Family Relations, 64(1), 44–63. 

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014). Sessions: Case histories. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].
The Hernandez Family

Detailed case study – zoning and planning


I am in need of a thorough writer who is able to write a comprehensive case study (doctoral level) that will answer every part of the instructions (attached). This should be at least 8 pages. This professor is EXTREMLELY ANAL and I have attached a list of his pet peeves and APA citations and how things should be quoted for guidance. There are A LOT of attachments/ articles for guidance’s purposes. However, the instructions, TEMPLATE (please follow and make sure every section is labeled all CAPS) and book readings are attached. I have a graded case study (graded 2) to compare so you know what to do and what NOT to do. A Biblical perspective and scriptures must be incorporated and cited. 


For this Case Study, you will first select one city, town, or county of your choice and read its comprehensive plan and process. From there you must describe the local government comprehensive planning process in detail. (How does the process work? Why is it used? What purpose does it serve? What are the impacts and second-order consequences?). Then describe the necessary elements in selected city, town, or county’s local government comprehensive plan. (How do the elements of a comprehensive plan work? Why are they used? What purpose do they serve? What are the effects and second order consequences?). Further, describe the necessary primary stakeholders to have a successful comprehensive plan. (What primary stakeholders are involved in a local government comprehensive plan? What do they contribute? What purpose do they serve? What are their influences and second order consequences of their involvement?). Additionally, describe the factors that can influence comprehensive plan development. (How do the factors affect a local government comprehensive plan? What purpose do they serve? What are the impacts and second order consequences?). Finally, determine a biblical viewpoint concerning planning. Please use scripture to support the position. Integrate Biblical verses rather than at the end of the paper. Items to include are outlined as follows:(see attached)

 Format of assignment: APA format with 1-inch margins, 12-pt. Times New Roman font, and must include a title page and reference page. 

 Number of citations: 8-10 scholarly sources (in addition to the course textbooks, assigned readings, and Biblical reference) to fully support your assertions and conclusions. These must be cited in accordance with APA guidelines. When completing the reference Page Please pay close attention and incorporate the Biblical reference, the DOI website and ensure they are alphabetized. 

7 discussion: daoism and workplace ethics

Using the ppt and reading for the week, write a post that focuses on how your own workplace ethics are similar/different to Daoism’s overall approach to life.  Remember to be specific, use examples from the ppt and/or reading as well as examples from your real-life experiences.

Please use this corporation – employer as your workplace. 

Community-Based program type. In city of Los Angeles.