1. (TCO C) Barkley Corp. obtained a trade name in January 2009, incurring legal costs of $15,000. The company amortizes the trade name over 8 years. Barkley successfully defended its trade name in January 2010, incurring $4,900 in legal fees. At the beginning of 2011, based on new marketing research, Barkley determines that the fair value of the trade name is $12,000. Estimated total future cash flows from the trade name are $13,000 on January 4, 2011.
Prepare the necessary journal entries for the years ending December 31, 2009, 2010, and 2011. Show all computations.
2. (TCO C) Recently, a group of university students decided to incorporate for the purposes of selling a process to recycle the waste product from manufacturing cheese. Some of the initial costs involved were legal fees and office expenses incurred in starting the business, state incorporation fees, and stamp taxes. One student wishes to charge these costs against revenue in the current period. Another student wishes to defer these costs and amortize them in the future. Which student is correct and why?
3. (TCO D) Below are three independent situations.
– In August, 2010, a worker was injured in the factory in an accident partially as the result of his own negligence. The worker has sued Wesley Co. for $800,000. Counsel believes it is reasonably possible that the outcome of the suit will be unfavorable and that the settlement would cost the company from $250,000 to $500,000. 2. A suit for breach of contract seeking damages of $2,400,000 was filed by an author against Greer Co. on October 4, 2010. Greer’s legal counsel believes that an unfavorable outcome is probable. A reasonable estimate of the award to the plaintiff is between $600,000 and $1,800,000. No amount within this range is a better estimate of potential damages than any other amount.
– Quinn is involved in a pending court case. Peete’s lawyers believe it is probable that Quinn will be awarded damages of $1,000,000.
Discuss the proper accounting treatment, including any required disclosures, for each situation. Give the rationale for your answers.
4. (TCO D) Grider Industries, Inc. issued $6,000,000 of 8% debentures on May 1, 2010 and received cash totaling $5,323,577. The bonds pay interest semiannually on May 1 and November 1. The maturity date on the bonds is November 1, 2018. The firm uses the effective-interest method of amortizing discounts and premiums. The bonds were sold to yield an effective interest rate of 10%.
Calculate the total dollar amount of discount or premium amortization during the first year (5/1/2010 through 4/30/2011) these bonds were outstanding. (Show computations and round to the nearest dollar.)
5. (TCO D) Hurst, Inc. sold its 8% bonds with a maturity value of $3,000,000 on August 1, 2009 for $2,946,000. At the time of the sale, the bonds had 5 years until they reached maturity. Interest on the bonds is payable semiannually on August 1 and February 1. The bonds are callable at 104 at any time after August 1, 2011. By October 1, 2011, the market rate of interest has declined and the market price of Hurst’s bonds has risen to a price of 101. The firm decides to refund the bonds by selling a new 6% bond issue to mature in 5 years. Hurst begins to reacquire its 8% bonds in the market and is able to purchase $500,000 worth at 101. The remainder of the outstanding bonds is reacquired by exercising the bonds’ call feature. In the final analysis, how much was the gain or loss experienced by Hurst in reacquiring its 8% bonds? (Assume the firm used straight-line amortization.) Show calculations.